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High current density ternary-alloy-film dispenser cathode for terahertz vacuum devices

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5 Author(s)
Barik, R.K. ; Sch. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Seoul Nat. Univ., Seoul, South Korea ; Raju, R.S. ; Tanwar, A.K. ; Das, S.
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Dispenser cathode is used in microwave tubes as source of electrons. We investigate high current density emission capabilities of alloy-coated cathodes used for terahertz vacuum devices. In this paper the developmental work carried out on ternary-alloy-film cathode (2Os:2Re:1W) and the results are presented. The cathodes were tested inside a closed spaced diode and also analytical chamber containing Auger Electron Spectroscopy (AES), Thermionic Emission Microscope (THEM) facility. Emission current densities measured in the diode structure at 1300° K temperature were above 60 A/cm2. The work function was found 1.72 eV using 73% slope method. To ensure the life of the cathode accelerated life test has been carried out in closed spaced diode at 1300° K temperature.

Published in:

Vacuum Electronics Conference (IVEC), 2011 IEEE International

Date of Conference:

21-24 Feb. 2011