By Topic

BCI Demographics II: How Many (and What Kinds of) People Can Use a High-Frequency SSVEP BCI?

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

5 Author(s)
Volosyak, I. ; Inst. of Autom., Univ. of Bremen, Bremen, Germany ; Valbuena, D. ; Luth, T. ; Malechka, T.
more authors

Brain-computer interface (BCI) systems use brain activity as an input signal and enable communication without movement. This study is a successor of our previous study (BCI demographics I) and examines correlations among BCI performance, personal preferences, and different subject factors such as age or gender for two sets of steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP) stimuli: one in the medium frequency range (13, 14, 15 and 16 Hz) and another in the high-frequency range (34, 36,38, 40 Hz). High-frequency SSVEPs (above 30 Hz) diminish user fatigue and risk of photosensitive epileptic seizures. Results showed that most people, despite having no prior BCI experience, could use the SSVEP-based Bremen-BCI system in a very noisy field setting at a fair. Results showed that demographic parameters as well as handedness, tiredness, alcohol and caffeine consumption, etc., have no significant effect on the performance of SSVEP-based BCI. Most subjects did not consider the flickering stimuli annoying, only five out of total 86 participants indicated change in fatigue during the experiment. 84 subjects performed with a mean information transfer rate of 17.24 ± 6.99 bit/min and an accuracy of 92.26 ± 7.82% with the medium frequency set, whereas only 56 subjects performed with a mean information transfer rate of 12.10 ± 7.31 bit/min and accuracy of 89.16 ± 9.29% with the high-frequency set. These and other demographic analyses may help identify the best BCI for each user.

Published in:

Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:19 ,  Issue: 3 )