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This paper presents a positive approach in an optimized design of a combinatory unified power-quality conditioner (UPQC) and superconducting fault current limiters (SFCLs). This is based on a normalized simulated annealing algorithm compared with analytic hierarchy process objective optimization. The optimization algorithm for simultaneous optimization computes and produces three-dimensional alignments in Pareto front at the end of the optimization run. The results show that the SFCL can reduce the volt-ampere rating of the UPQC by limiting the fault current, thereby reducing the cost of UPQC installation. The aforementioned algorithm requires advanced numerical techniques for simulation studies by PSCAD/EMTDC on a sample distribution system for determining a global optimal combination of UPQC and SFCL by considering individual parameters and accounting for the constraints, which is the main motivation of this paper. This will result in a more thorough knowledge of “scaling factors” and the system quality mechanism which will enable the most efficient systems from the viewpoints of cost cutting, energy savings, and downsizing.
Date of Publication: July 2011