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Future processing, storage and communication services will be highly pervasive: people, smart objects, machines and the surrounding space (all embedding devices such as with sensors, RFID tags, etc.) will define a highly decentralized cyber environment of resources interconnected by dynamic Networks of Networks. As communications will extend to cover any combination of “people, machines and things”, future networks will be increasingly complex and heterogeneous, yet always endorsed with the challenging task of ensuring end-to-end QoS. This paper proposes groundwork for an advanced cognitive networking paradigm exploitable in future wired and wireless infrastructures: a Decentralised Cognitive Plane to allow for cross-layer, cross-node and cross-network domain self-management, self-control and self-optimization, whilst being compatible with legacy management and control.