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Driving mobile robots to precise locations is of recognized interest, and using vision sensors in this context supplies many advantages. We propose a novel control law based on sliding-mode theory in order to drive mobile robots to a target location, which is specified by a previously acquired reference image. The control scheme exploits the piecewise epipolar geometry of three views on the basis of image-based visual servoing, in such a way that no 3-D scene information is required. The contribution of the paper is a new control law that achieves convergence to the target with no auxiliary images and without changing to any approach other than epipolar-based control. Additionally, the use of sliding-mode control deals with singularities, thus allowing the robot to move directly toward the target as well as avoiding the need of a precise camera calibration. The effectiveness of our approach is tested with simulations and real-world experiments.
Date of Publication: Feb. 2011