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A Frequency-Control Approach by Photovoltaic Generator in a PV–Diesel Hybrid Power System

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5 Author(s)
Datta, M. ; Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Khulna Univ. of Eng. & Technol., Khulna, Bangladesh ; Senjyu, T. ; Yona, A. ; Funabashi, T.
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A photovoltaic (PV) system's output power fluctuates according to the weather conditions. Fluctuating PV power causes frequency deviations in the power utilities when the penetration is large. Usually, an energy storage system (ESS) is used to smooth the PV output power fluctuations and then the smoothed power is supplied to the utility. In this paper, a simple fuzzy-based frequency-control method is proposed for the PV generator in a PV-diesel hybrid system without the smoothing of PV output power fluctuations. By means of the proposed method, output power control of a PV generator considering the conditions of power utilities and the maximizing of energy capture are achieved. Here, fuzzy control is used to generate the PV output power command. This fuzzy control has average insolation, change of insolation, and frequency deviation as inputs. The proposed method is compared with a maximum power point tracking control-based method and with an ESS-based conventional control method. The numerical simulation results show that the proposed method is effective in providing frequency control and also delivers power near the maximum PV power level.

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Energy Conversion, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:26 ,  Issue: 2 )