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Validation of Single- and Multiple-Machine Equivalents for Modeling Wind Power Plants

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3 Author(s)
Jacques Brochu ; Institut de Recherche d’Hydro-Québec, Varennes, Canada ; Christian Larose ; Richard Gagnon

This paper presents an exhaustive simulation study performed to validate the adequacy of the equivalencing method promoted by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory for modeling wind power plants by single- and multiple-machine equivalents. The main simulation results are presented for a number of steady state and transient wind turbine generator operating conditions following various faults and a typical low-voltage ride through. The impact of protection systems such as the crowbar is also taken into account. The aggregation technique has shown to be adequate for load flow, stability, and electromagnetic transient studies with limitations, as presented in the paper.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion  (Volume:26 ,  Issue: 2 )