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Mechanical interactions between a wind turbine and a direct-driven permanent-magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) are studied, and a model to analyze the system behavior is suggested. The proposed model can be applied to analyze the mechanical vibrations of direct-driven wind turbine installations both in steady state and in dynamic cases. The cogging torque and torque ripple of the PMSG are used as excitation sources in the mechanical model. Four different permanent-magnet rotor constructions are analyzed. It is shown that the maximum allowable value of the cogging torque of the direct-driven permanent-magnet wind generator in this case is 1.5%-2% of the rated torque even when the corresponding resonance frequency does not occur in the operational speed range of the wind turbine. Furthermore, it was noticed that the resonance caused by the excitation torque should occur at the lowest possible speed.
Date of Publication: Sept. 2011