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A 86 MHz-12 GHz digital-intensive reconfigurable PLL frequency synthesizer is presented with 100 kHz to 2 MHz bandwidth. It leverages a 6 fJ/step 5.5 ps, 14b coarse-fine TDC and a 6-12 GHz dual-VCO set. Several simple calibration schemes are proposed that enable the proper performance of the highly efficient TDC in the PLL. The 0.28 mm2 synthesizer, which is appropriate for use in a Software-Defined Radio, features noise cancellation and digital phase modulation and consumes less than 30 mW.
Date of Publication: Oct. 2010