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For short-term scheduling of crude oil operations in refinery, often crude oil residency time constraint and charging-tank-switch-overlap constraint are ignored by mathematical programming models to make the problem solvable. Thus, a schedule obtained by such mathematical programming models is infeasible and cannot be deployed. To solve this problem, this work studies the short-term scheduling problem of crude oil operations in a control theory perspective. The system is modeled by a hybrid Petri net and a short-term schedule is seen as a series of control commands. With this model, schedulability analysis is carried out and schedulability conditions are presented. These conditions can be used as constraints for finding a realizable and optimal refining schedule. Moreover, based on the proposed approach, a detailed schedule can be easily obtained given a realizable refining schedule. In this way, the complexity for the short-term scheduling problem of crude oil operations in refinery is greatly reduced and effective techniques and tools for practical applications can be obtained.
Automation Science and Engineering, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:8 , Issue: 1 )
Date of Publication: Jan. 2011