By Topic

Empirical evaluation of active sampling for CRF-based analysis of pages

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

3 Author(s)
Manabu Ohta ; Okayama University, 3-1-1 Tsushima-naka, Kita-ku, Okayama-shi, 700-8530, Japan ; Ryohei Inoue ; Atsuhiro Takasu

We propose an automatic method of extracting bibliographies for academic articles scanned with OCR markup. The method uses conditional random fields (CRF) for labeling serially OCR-ed text lines on an article's title page as appropriate names for bibliographic elements. Although we achieved excellent extraction accuracies for some Japanese academic journals, we needed a substantial amount of training data that had to be obtained through costly manual extraction of bibliographies from printed documents. Therefore, this paper reports an empirical evaluation of active sampling applied to the CRF-based extraction of bibliographies to reduce the amount of training data. We applied active sampling techniques to three academic journals published in Japan. The experiments revealed that the sampling strategy using the proposed criteria for selecting samples could reduce the amount of training data to less than half or even a third of those for two academic journals. This paper also reports the effect of pseudo-training data that were added to training.

Published in:

Information Reuse and Integration (IRI), 2010 IEEE International Conference on

Date of Conference:

4-6 Aug. 2010