By Topic

Bayesian Selectivity Technique for Earth Fault Protection in Medium-Voltage Networks

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

5 Author(s)
Nagy I. Elkalashy ; Department of Electrical Engineering, Aalto University School of Science and Technology, Finland ; Abdelsalam M. Elhaffar ; Tamer A. Kawady ; Naser G. Tarhuni
more authors

In Nordic countries, distribution networks are unearthed or compensated. Earth faults, particularly in compensated networks, provide fault currents that are low compared to the load currents. Identification of the faulty feeder is therefore difficult. A preliminary description of discrete wavelet transform (DWT)-Bayesian selectivity technique was introduced in reference 1 to identify the faulty feeder. It was dependent on a conditional probabilistic method applied to transient features extracted by using the DWT. However, a practical setting for this technique has not yet been presented. Furthermore, its sensitivity is limited to 1.5-k fault resistances, and is further reduced to 170 when considering current transformer and network noise. In this paper, the ratio between the absolute sums of the DWT detail level from each feeder is used as an input to the conditional probability approach, providing an enhanced selectivity decision. This input contributes to discriminating the faulty feeder during high resistance faults. The relay setting is introduced as a function of the number of feeders and their characteristic impedances, as the proposed algorithm is dependent on the discharge's initial transients. The performance is evaluated taking into account current-transformer and network noises. A digital implementation is experimentally verified by using two digital signal processing boards.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery  (Volume:25 ,  Issue: 4 )