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On the Dynamic Selection of Biometric Fusion Algorithms

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4 Author(s)
Vatsa, M. ; Indraprastha Inst. of Inf. Technol. (IIIT) Delhi, New Delhi, India ; Singh, R. ; Noore, A. ; Ross, A.

Biometric fusion consolidates the output of multiple biometric classifiers to render a decision about the identity of an individual. We consider the problem of designing a fusion scheme when 1) the number of training samples is limited, thereby affecting the use of a purely density-based scheme and the likelihood ratio test statistic; 2) the output of multiple matchers yields conflicting results; and 3) the use of a single fusion rule may not be practical due to the diversity of scenarios encountered in the probe dataset. To address these issues, a dynamic reconciliation scheme for fusion rule selection is proposed. In this regard, the contribution of this paper is two-fold: 1) the design of a sequential fusion technique that uses the likelihood ratio test-statistic in conjunction with a support vector machine classifier to account for errors in the former; and 2) the design of a dynamic selection algorithm that unifies the constituent classifiers and fusion schemes in order to optimize both verification accuracy and computational cost. The case study in multiclassifier face recognition suggests that the proposed algorithm can address the issues listed above. Indeed, it is observed that the proposed method performs well even in the presence of confounding covariate factors thereby indicating its potential for large-scale face recognition.

Published in:

Information Forensics and Security, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 3 )
Biometrics Compendium, IEEE
RFIC Virtual Journal, IEEE
RFID Virtual Journal, IEEE