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Simple and high-efficiency photovoltaic system under non-uniform operating conditions

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3 Author(s)
E. Karatepe ; Department of Electrical-Electronics Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Ege University, 35100 Bornova-Izmir, Turkey ; Syafaruddin ; T. Hiyama

The interest in improving the efficiency of photovoltaic (PV) system has emerged because of increasing the number of home-based or small-scale PV power system. However, the home-based PV system is vulnerable to the non-uniform operating conditions. Under such circumstances, multiple-local maximum power points (MPPs) occur on the power-voltage characteristics and an advanced control algorithm is required to track the global MPP. It is very difficult to provide a sophisticated control algorithm because of the non-linear characteristics of PV system. This study describes the potential to improve the efficiency of PV arrays under non-uniform operating conditions by using the conventional hill-climbing MPP tracking method in total cross tied (TCT) connected PV arrays, in which each group of series connected solar cells that belong to single bypass diode is interconnected. The various scenarios were tested and the results indicate that the efficiency of the proposed system is much higher than that of the same size of series-parallel (SP) PV array configuration.

Published in:

IET Renewable Power Generation  (Volume:4 ,  Issue: 4 )