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In the Dutch power system the power consumption is increasing while the transmission and distribution system capacity is not increasing at the same rate. Furthermore due to the increasing amount of decentralized generation, by for example micro-CHP units and wind turbines, the power flows in the power system are changing. In weak sub-transmission and distribution grids an increase in the number of voltage stability problems is expected. However: with the large share of decentralized generation we have the solution for voltage problems already there. In this paper we propose a new Hierarchical Agent Based Instability Protection System. In this paper the idea is described and a theoretical justification is given, in a later stage of the project we will verify the system with the Real-time Digital Simulator and external controls.