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Diagnosis classifies the present state of operation of the equipment, and prognosis predicts the next state of operation and its remaining useful life. In this paper, a prognosis method for the gear faults in dc machines is presented. The proposed method uses the time-frequency features extracted from the motor current as machine health indicators and predicts the future state of fault severity using hidden Markov models (HMMs). Parameter training of HMMs generally needs huge historical data, which are often not available in the case of electrical machines. Methods for computing the parameters from limited data are presented. The proposed prognosis method uses matching pursuit decomposition for estimating state-transition probabilities and experimental observations for computing state-dependent observation probability distributions. The proposed method is illustrated by examples using data collected from the experimental setup.
Date of Publication: May 2011