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Coexisting with CSMA-Based Reactive Primary Users

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2 Author(s)
Rong-Rong Chen ; Dept. of ECE, Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA ; Xin Liu

Cognitive radio has the potential to improve spectrum efficiency and to alleviate spectrum scarcity by opportunistically utilizing un-utilized or under- utilized spectrum. A cognitive radio device needs to monitor primary user (PU) activities to identify white spaces and utilize spectral opportunities for transmission, without significantly affecting the PU performance. Additional challenges exist when PUs are reactive. An example of a reactive system is a CSMA-based primary system where PUs react to secondary user (SU) activities. Besides collision and throughput, we also introduce a deterrence metric to capture the impact of SU activity on PU. We present and compare four different SU access schemes for a CSMA-based primary system that takes into account the reactive nature of the PU access mechanism. Both simulation and analysis results show that the SU can utilize the available spectrum opportunities at the cost of additional delay of PUs.

Published in:

New Frontiers in Dynamic Spectrum, 2010 IEEE Symposium on

Date of Conference:

6-9 April 2010