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A novel frequency compensation scheme called reverse nested Miller compensation using current buffers (RNMCCB) for three-stage amplifiers is proposed. As opposed to previous reverse nested schemes, our work uses inverting gain stages for both the second and third stages. The outer compensation loop utilizes a current mirror as an inverting current buffer (CB), and the inner loop uses a common-gate amplifier as a CB, creating two left-half-plane (LHP) zeros. We introduce a simple and effective method of placing a resistor in series with a CB for accurate placement of LHP zeros. As a design example of the RNMCCB scheme, we propose a three-stage low dropout voltage regulator (LDO) in a 0.5-??m CMOS process to supply 1.21 V to a load ranging from 1 ??A to 100 mA. Our design goals were to simultaneously achieve very high current efficiency and very low transient output voltage variation. As such, we achieved a 99.95% current efficiency and a maximum load transient output voltage variation of ??48 mV with an output capacitor of 100 nF. Experimental results, in good agreement with theoretical analysis, validate the novel RNMCCB frequency compensation scheme.
Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:57 , Issue: 4 )
Date of Publication: April 2010