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In this paper, a novel maximum power point tracking algorithm based on the perturb-and-observe (P&O) technique is introduced. The novelty of the approach is represented by the perturbation of more control variables, rather than just one. This allows the increase of the power extracted from the photovoltaic (PV) field as compared to the case of perturbation of a single control variable. The proposed technique overcomes the limitations of any existing tracking technique dedicated to PV arrays exhibiting a unique maximum power point, thus not only of the P&O approach, whenever dynamic constraints ensuring the correct system behavior must be fulfilled too. The proposed multivariable approach is described by means of its application to a single-stage one-cycle controlled PV inverter.
Date of Publication: Jan. 2011