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Area query processing is significant for various applications of wireless sensor networks. No previous study has specifically addressed this issue. We can adopt a naive method, which is to send all data to base station for centralized processing. However, this method wastes a large amount of energy for reporting useless data. This motivates us to propose an energy-efficient in-network area query processing scheme. In our scheme, the whole monitored area is partitioned into grids, and a gray code is used to represent a grid ID (GID), which is a smart way to describe an area. Furthermore, a reporting tree is constructed to process merging areas and aggregations. Based on the properties of GIDs, useless data can be dropped and areas can be merged as early as possible. Incremental update is used to continuously generate query results. In essence, all of these strategies are pivots to conserve energy consumption. With a thorough simulation study, it is shown that our scheme is energy-efficient.
Date of Conference: 14-16 Dec. 2009