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Workforce optimization: Identification and assignment of professional workers using constraint programming

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5 Author(s)
Naveh, Y. ; IBM Haifa Research Laboratory, Haifa University Campus, 31905, Israel ; Richter, Y. ; Altshuler, Y. ; Gresh, D.L.
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Matching highly skilled people to available positions is a high-stakes task that requires careful consideration by experienced resource managers. A wrong decision may result in significant loss of value due to understaffing, underqualification or overqualification of assigned personnel, and high turnover of poorly matched workers. While the importance of quality matching is clear, dealing with pools of hundreds of jobs and resources in a dynamic market generates a significant amount of pressure to make decisions rapidly. We present a novel solution designed to bridge the gap between the need for high-quality matches and the need for timeliness. By applying constraint programming, a subfield of artificial intelligence, we are able to deal successfully with the complex constraints encountered in the field and reach near-optimal assignments that take into account all resources and positions in the pool. The considerations include constraints on job role, skill level, geographical location, language, potential retraining, and many more. Constraints are applied at both the individual and team levels. This paper introduces the technology and then describes its use by IBM Global Services, where large numbers of service and consulting employees are considered when forming teams assigned to customer projects.

Note: The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Incorporated is distributing this Article with permission of the International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) who is the exclusive owner. The recipient of this Article may not assign, sublicense, lease, rent or otherwise transfer, reproduce, prepare derivative works, publicly display or perform, or distribute the Article.  

Published in:

IBM Journal of Research and Development  (Volume:51 ,  Issue: 3.4 )