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The notion of a high-performance work system (HPWS) became a popular topic in American business management in recent years. This paper briefly illuminates the meaning of HPWS and reviews the correlation theories of HPWS. Specifically, it dissects three key concepts: performance, work practice and systemic effects, it analyzes the AOM model and its impact on human resource, (AOM the employee ability (A), motivations (M) and participates opportunities (O)). It considers Chinese enterprise should build the HWPS suitable for national conditions according to the actual circumstance. Finally, this paper proposes a perfect HPWS model with self-directed work teams (SDWT), Effective incentive mechanism, the enterprise culture with respect and trust and widely training.