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Polarization-Independent Liquid-Crystal Fresnel Lenses Based on Surface-Mode Switching of 90 ^{\circ} Twisted-Nematic Liquid Crystals

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3 Author(s)
Chi-Huang Lin ; Department of Physics, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, R.O.C. ; Hsien-Yi Huang ; Jhong-Yuan Wang

A simple polarization-independent liquid-crystal Fresnel lens is developed using the surface-mode switching of 90?? twisted-nematic liquid crystals (TN-LCs). In the surface-mode switching of LCs, the major reorientation of LCs occurs near the substrates. Optical calculations indicate that 90?? TN-LCs are polarization-independent under surface-mode switching, when the applied voltage exceeds four times the threshold voltage for director reorientation. The maximum tunable phase shift in this polarization-independent state of 90?? TN-LCs is ~11% of LC cell retardation. An LC Fresnel lens that is polarization-independent and has a fast response with a response time of <10 ms is demonstrated using the surface-mode switching of 90?? TN-LC.

Published in:

IEEE Photonics Technology Letters  (Volume:22 ,  Issue: 3 )