By Topic

Extending the Life of Gear Box in Wind Generators by Smoothing Transient Torque With STATCOM

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

3 Author(s)
Molinas, M. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Norwegian Univ. of Sci. & Technol., Trondheim, Norway ; Suul, J.A. ; Undeland, T.

Gearboxes for wind turbines must ensure high reliability over a period of 20 years, withstanding cumulative and transient loads. One main challenge to this is represented by electromagnetic torque transients caused by grid faults and disturbances, which will result in significant stresses and fatigue of the gearbox. Possibilities for limiting the torque transients in fixed-speed wind generators have not been previously reported. This paper presents a technique by which the transient torques during recovery after a grid fault can be smoothed in a wind farm with induction generators directly connected to the grid. A model-based control technique using the quasi-stationary equivalent circuit of the system is suggested for controlling the torque with a static synchronous compensator (STATCOM). The basis of the approach consists of controlling the induction generator terminal voltage by the injection/absorption of reactive current using the STATCOM. By controlling the terminal voltage as a function of the generator speed during the recovery process, the electromagnetic torque of the generator is indirectly controlled, in order to reduce the drive train mechanical stresses caused by the characteristics of the induction machine when decelerating through the maximum torque region. The control concept is shown by time-domain simulations, where the smoothing effect of the proposed technique on a wind turbine is seen during the recovery after a three-phase-to-ground-fault condition. The influence of the shaft stiffness in a multimass drive train model is discussed, and the performance of the control concept in the case of parallel connection of several turbines is investigated to discuss the applicability in a wind farm.

Published in:

Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:57 ,  Issue: 2 )