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This paper presents a new technique to retrieve soil moisture using global navigation satellite signals reflected over the soil surface using the measurement of the power fluctuations of the signal created by the interference between the direct GPS signal and the one reflected over the soil surface. As a function of the elevation angle, power fluctuations at vertical polarization pass through a notch, which is related to the soil moisture content, while horizontal polarization exhibits a very weak dependence. Experimental results of the measurements obtained over a bare soil field are presented and discussed.
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:47 , Issue: 11 )
Date of Publication: Nov. 2009