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External Characteristics of Computer Operations: Toward Large Conversational Time-Sharing Systems

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1 Author(s)
Wiehle, H.R. ; University of the Armed Forces Munich , Ottobrunn

In an historical overview of computer operations in scientific-technical environments from the second half of the 1950s to the mid-1960s, this article discusses the ways German universities and similar institutions initially used small computers. It reports on the emergence of high-level programming languages, the appearance and predominance of large batch-processing systems, and the arising efforts to reestablish a conversational mode of operations.

Published in:

Annals of the History of Computing, IEEE  (Volume:32 ,  Issue: 3 )