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The problem of designing output error controllers to track periodic reference signals for a class of uncertain linear time-delay systems subject to periodic disturbances is addressed. A repetitive controller, which is a type of output error controller, is developed for these systems and a sufficient condition for stability of the closed-loop system is derived by applying the Lyapunov-Krasovskii functional and linear matrix inequalities (LMIs). In order to relax the stability condition, the theory of the modified repetitive control (RC) system is extended to the systems represented by irrational transfer functions. Based on the extended theory of the modified RC system, a modified repetitive controller, another type of output error controller, is developed for these systems and sufficient conditions for stability of the closed-loop system are derived in terms of a frequency-domain criterion and LMI. Numerical simulations are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed controllers.