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In this work, we give good concatenated code ensembles for the binary erasure channel (BEC). In particular, we consider repeat multiple-accumulate (RMA) code ensembles formed by the serial concatenation of a repetition code with multiple accumulators, and the hybrid concatenated code (HCC) ensembles recently introduced by Koller et al. (5th Int. Symp. on Turbo Codes & Rel. Topics, Lausanne, Switzerland) consisting of an outer multiple parallel concatenated code serially concatenated with an inner accumulator. We introduce stopping sets for iterative constituent code oriented decoding using maximum a posteriori erasure correction in the constituent codes. We then analyze the asymptotic stopping set distribution for RMA and HCC ensembles and show that their stopping distance hmin, defined as the size of the smallest nonempty stopping set, asymptotically grows linearly with the block length. Thus, these code ensembles are good for the BEC. It is shown that for RMA code ensembles, contrary to the asymptotic minimum distance dmin, whose growth rate coefficient increases with the number of accumulate codes, the hmin growth rate coefficient diminishes with the number of accumulators. We also consider random puncturing of RMA code ensembles and show that for sufficiently high code rates, the asymptotic hmin does not grow linearly with the block length, contrary to the asymptotic dmin, whose growth rate coefficient approaches the Gilbert-Varshamov bound as the rate increases. Finally, we give iterative decoding thresholds for the different code ensembles to compare the convergence properties.
Date of Publication: August 2009