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Today, the disproportional distribution of water resources becomes a restrictive factor for sustainable development of Chinese national economy. Therefore, Chinese government has implemented numerous Inter-basin water diversion projects. However they are complicated and systemic engineering projects which consist of many facilities with longer delivery route, involutedly transit area and multitudinous impact factors. This paper studies the management model of inter-basin water diversion based on multi-intelligent agents which regards the management department of facility as agent and takes its goals and function demands into account. First, the paper studies the water delivery framework of distributed inter-basin water diversion project, and analyzes the types and distribution of the intelligent agent and model of communication, interaction and cooperation so that automation, convenient and intelligence of inter-basin water diversion can be realized. Then, it researches the inner structures of all kinds of intelligent agents, and discusses simultaneously the mechanism of knowledge expression and self-training.