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This paper presents a low-power digital DLL-based clock generator. Once the DLL is locked, it operates in open-loop mode to reduce deterministic clock jitter and the power dissipation caused by DLL dithering. To keep track of any potential phase error introduced by environmental variations, a compensation mechanism is employed. In addition, a robust DLL-based frequency multiplication technique is proposed. The DLL-based clock generator is designed and fabricated in a 90 nm CMOS process in two different versions. Utilizing the proposed technique, the output jitter caused by DLL dithering is reduced significantly. Furthermore, the measured total power savings in the open-loop mode in comparison with the conventional closed-loop operation is about 14%.
Date of Publication: July 2009