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Spatial Filtering for Wall-Clutter Mitigation in Through-the-Wall Radar Imaging

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2 Author(s)
Yeo-Sun Yoon ; Radar Imaging Lab., Villanova Univ., Villanova, PA, USA ; Moeness G. Amin

Radio-frequency imaging of targets behind walls is of value in several civilian and defense applications. Wall reflections are often stronger than target reflections, and they tend to persist over a long duration of time. Therefore, weak and close by targets behind walls become obscured and invisible in the image. In this paper, we apply spatial filters across the antenna array to remove, or at least significantly mitigate, the spatial zero-frequency and low-frequency components which correspond to wall reflections. Unmasking the behind-the-wall targets via the application of spatial filters recognizes the fact that the wall electromagnetic (EM) responses do not significantly differ when viewed by the different antennas along the axis of a real or synthesized array aperture which is parallel to the wall. The proposed approach is tested with experimental data using solid wall, multilayered wall, and cinder block wall. It is shown that the wall reflections can be effectively reduced by spatial preprocessing prior to beamforming, producing similar imaging results to those achieved when a background scene without the target is available.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  (Volume:47 ,  Issue: 9 )