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Transparent humidity sensor using cross-linked polyelectrolyte membrane

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4 Author(s)
Qiaohui Zhang ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Clarkson Univ., Potsdam, NY, USA ; James R. Smith ; Lax V. Saraf ; Feng Hua

This paper describes the fabrication of a porous cross-linked polyelectrolyte membrane and the characterization of its humidity sensitivity performance. Electrostatic self-assembly, combined with acid treatment, and post-deposition annealing produced the membrane. The fabrication process offers the ability to control the thickness of the membrane, as well as enabling the engineering of the humidity sensitivity properties. A transparent humidity sensor was fabricated by integrating the membrane between two parallel electrodes. In order to improve the moisture absorption and diffusion, both the polyelectrolyte layer and the electrode were made porous. The membrane was cross-linked to enhance the durability in high humid environments. Such a polyelectrolyte membrane showed high sensitivity to relative humidity variation over a range of 25%-99%. The see-through property of the structure adds extra features and benefits to the sensor.

Published in:

IEEE Sensors Journal  (Volume:9 ,  Issue: 7 )