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Local work function for Cu(111)–Au surface studied by scanning tunneling microscopy

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5 Author(s)
Jia, J.F. ; The Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-77, JapanPhysics Department, Peking University, Beijing 100871, P. R. China ; Inoue, K. ; Hasegawa, Y. ; Yang, W.S.
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We report results of the measurement of local work function, or apparent barrier height, on the Au/Cu(111) surface using scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). By measuring a response of tunneling current to a change of the tunneling gap distance during scanning, we can obtain a work function image simultaneously with a topographic STM image. In this way, we could successfully observe the difference in local work function due to different elements and atomic structures. Our results show that the mean work function value of the Au overlayer is 7±3% larger than that of the Cu(111) substrate and the value of the work function of the second Au layer is the same as that of the first Au layers within the measurement uncertainty. At the step edges, the work function values are lower than that on the terrace. The width and depth of the low work function trough at Au–Au, and Cu–Au single height steps were also obtained. The measured values are consistent with those measured on vicinal surfaces. This work also suggests that the local work function measurement can be used to identify the element on a surface and that the STM is quite useful to get information on how the work function is related with surface structures and how the work function spatially changes on nanometer scales. © 1997 American Vacuum Society.

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Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 6 )