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Effects of water vapor and chlorine on the epitaxial growth of Si1-xGex films by chemical vapor deposition: Thermodynamic analysis

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3 Author(s)
Lee, I.-M. ; School of Chemical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907-1283 ; Jansons, A. ; Takoudis, C.G.

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The effects of water vapor and chlorine on the Si1-xGex epitaxial growth are studied through thermodynamic analyses. Since Ge does not form chemical species with oxygen at an appreciable level, the water vapor and oxygen background level requirements for Si1-xGex epitaxial growth are mostly similar to the ones for Si growth. At large excesses of Ge gas phase sources and low system water vapor level, however, the critical temperature above which oxide-free epitaxial growth occurs decreases with increasing system pressure. Analyses of the results obtained suggest that there are two mechanisms for the removal of SiO2(s) from the surface: one is by forming volatile SiO, and the other is by forming gas phase H2O. The former one appears to dominate for most conditions studied; the latter one appears to dominate when the water vapor level of the system is very low and/or small amounts of the Si gaseous source are present. The boundary between etching and deposition of Si1-xGex films is examined for all Ge solid phase compositions. The etch/deposition boundaries for pure Si and pure Ge show opposite trends with increasing chlorine concentrations, because of the different affinities of Si and Ge to form chlorinated species. The chlorine concentration needed to reach etching increases with increasing system temperature for Si, whereas it decreases with increasing temperature for Ge. It is found that the formation of SiCl4 is favored over GeCl2 at low temperatures, while the opposite happens at higher temperatures. The etch/depositi- - on boundary for Si1-xGex thin films is found to form a saddlelike contour because of the interaction of the different behaviors of Si and Ge. Overall, calculated results are seen to be in good agreement with available experimental results. © 1997 American Vacuum Society.

Published in:

Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 4 )

Date of Publication:

Jul 1997

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