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A conformal mapping based approach for fast two-dimensional FEM electrostatic analysis of MEMS devices without re-meshing

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3 Author(s)
Prasad S. Sumant ; Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA ; Andreas C. Cangellaris ; Narayana R. Aluru

In this paper, a methodology is proposed for expediting the coupled electro-mechanical two-dimensional finite element modeling of electrostatically-actuated MEMS. The proposed methodology eliminates the need for repeated finite element meshing and subsequent electrostatic modeling of the device during mechanical deformation. With the reference domain defined to be the device geometry in the absence of electrostatic actuation, we eliminate the need for repeated finite element meshing. We achieve this by mapping the deformed electrostatic domain in which the electrostatic problem must be solved to the reference undeformed domain dasiaconformallypsila. A dasiaconformalpsila map preserves the form of the Laplace equation and the boundary conditions; thus, the finite element matrix for the electrostatic problem is solved only once in the reference undeformed electrostatic domain. The conformal map itself is generated through the solution of the same Laplace equation on the reference undeformed domain geometry and with displacement boundary conditions dictated by the movement of the mechanical domain. The proposed methodology is demonstrated through its application to the modeling of two MEMS devices with varying length-to-gap ratios, multiple dielectrics and complicated geometries. The accuracy of the proposed methodology is confirmed through comparisons of its results with results obtained using the conventional finite element solution from ANSYS.

Published in:

Thermal, Mechanical and Multi-Physics simulation and Experiments in Microelectronics and Microsystems, 2009. EuroSimE 2009. 10th International Conference on

Date of Conference:

26-29 April 2009