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Code-modulated path-sharing multi-antenna receivers: theory and analysis

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3 Author(s)
Amin Jahanian ; Nanoscale Communication IC Lab, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697-2625 USA ; Fred Tzeng ; Payam Heydari

Conventional multi-antenna receiver front-ends require multiple RF/baseband chains and analog-to-digital converters (ADC). This increases power consumption and chip area substantially. In this letter, we introduce a new Code-Modulated Path-Sharing Multi-Antenna (CPMA) receiver architecture suitable for any multi-antenna scheme including spatial multiplexing, spatial diversity, and beamforming. The receiver uses code modulation to distinguish the antenna signals before combining them in the analog domain. The combined signal propagates through shared-path blocks and all the original signals are later recovered in the digital domain for further processing. Due to the spread spectrum nature of code modulation, a larger bandwidth is needed for the blocks in the shared path. To alleviate this effect, the use of non-orthogonal coding is examined. An effective channel matrix is derived and the system capacity is evaluated in terms of the cross-correlation between signature codes. Implementation and code selection issues are discussed. Analysis and simulation results indicate that by properly selecting non-orthogonal code sets, the spreading factor, and therefore, the overall analog signal bandwidth is reduced while incurring minimal performance degradation.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 5 )