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In a deregulated power market, customers would have more choices for their power service and the improvement of service quality has become a challenge to power transmission and distribution companies. Distribution system reliability that was traditionally considered within the planning activities is now incorporated in the operational environment. This paper presents study results of a multiobjective feeder operation optimization problem that considers how to balance network efficiency, switching and reliability costs in a distribution network. The proposed method divides annual feeder load curve into multiperiods of load levels and optimizes the feeder configurations for different load levels in annual operation planning. Customer load profiles and seasonal varying data of feeder section failure rates and customer interruption costs are considered. Numerical simulations demonstrate the time-varying effects on the optimal distribution feeder configuration and operation costs. A binary particle swarm optimization (BPSO) search is adopted to determine the feeder switching schedule. Test results indicate that not considering time-varying effects and using only simplified fixed load and reliability parameters could underestimate the total loss to the utility and its customers.