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An algorithm is presented for direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation in the presence of unknown mutual coupling based on the generalized eigenvalues utilizing signal subspace eigenvectors (GEESE) algorithm for uniform linear array (ULA). It is not an iterative algorithm, and a spectral peak search is not required. The DOA can be accurately estimated without any calibration sources since the effects of mutual coupling can be eliminated by the inherent mechanism of the proposed algorithm. An algorithm for estimating the mutual coupling coefficients is also proposed. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithms.
Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:45 , Issue: 1 )
Date of Publication: Jan. 2009