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Multi-channel synthetic aperture radar (SAR) systems enable high-resolution wide-swath imagery thus overcoming the inherent limitation of conventional SAR. A possible realization based on the combination of multi-aperture SAR signal reconstruction in azimuth with digital beamforming on receive in elevation is given in . The present paper turns focus to advanced concepts for the imaging of even wider swaths while still providing high azimuth resolution . In this regard, the operation of multi-channel SAR systems in burst modes like ScanSAR or TOPS is introduced and aspects of applying the multi-aperture reconstruction algorithm to burst mode data are analyzed. The influence of the digital processing network on performance parameters as signal-to-noise-ratio and azimuth ambiguity-to-signal-ratio in multi-channel burst mode systems is considered and embedded in the design example of a ScanSAR system that allows for the imaging of a 400 km wide swath with a geometric resolution of 5 m. Finally, first results for a multi-channel TOPS system are presented and an optimized TOPS processing approach is introduced.
Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2008. IGARSS 2008. IEEE International (Volume:5 )
Date of Conference: 7-11 July 2008