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This letter describes the effect of thermal emission from the Moon on remote sensing of sea surface salinity from space. In most cases, radiation from the Moon is negligible; however, at several times during the lunar cycle, it is possible for radiation to be reflected from the Earth's surface into the main beam of the radiometer antennas. The signal in such cases can be important because of the high radiometric accuracy required to monitor salinity. Examples are presented using the Aquarius orbit and antennas for both smooth and rough ocean surfaces.