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The emergence of Web as a ubiquitous media for sharing content and services has led to the rapid growth of the Internet. At the same time, the number of users accessing Web-based content and services are growing exponentially. This has placed a heavy demand on Internet bandwidth and Web systems hosting content and application services. As a result, many Web sites are unable to manage this demand and offer their services in a timely manner. Content Delivery Networks (CDNs) have emerged to overcome these limitations by offering infrastructure and mechanisms to deliver content and services in a scalable manner, and enhancing users' Web experience. Applications of CDNs can also be found in many communities, such as academic institutions, advertising media and Internet advertisement companies, data centers, Internet Service Providers (ISPs), online music retailers, mobile operators, consumer electronics manufacturers, and other carrier companies. Along with the proliferation, formation, and consolidation of the CDN landscape, new forms of Internet content and services are coming into picture while distribution and management of content is introducing new challenges in this domain. This raises new issues in the architecture, design and implementation of CDNs. The technological trends in this domain need to be explored in order to provide an exclusive research roadmap to the CDN community.