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In this letter, a novel global approach to range alignment for inverse synthetic aperture radar (ISAR) image formation is presented. The algorithm is based on the minimization of the entropy of the average range profile (ARP), and the processing chain is capable of exploiting the efficiency of the fast Fourier transform. With respect to the existing global methods, the new one requires no exhaustive search operation and eliminates the necessity of the parametric model for the relative offset among the range profiles. The derivation of the algorithm indicates that the presented methodology is essentially an iterative solution to a set of simultaneous equations, and its robustness is also ensured by the iterative structure. Some alternative criteria, such as the maximum contrast of the ARP, can be introduced into the algorithm with a minor change in the entropy-based method. The convergence and robustness of the presented algorithm have been validated by experimental ISAR data.