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Reduction of truncation artifacts in fan-beam transmission imaging using a spatially varying gamma prior

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5 Author(s)
Case, J.A. ; Massachusetts Univ. Med. Center, Worcester, MA, USA ; Pan, T.-S. ; King, M.A. ; Penney, B.C.
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Fan beam transmission imaging used to obtain the attenuation map of an object for attenuation correction is limited because the object may not be completely in the field of view of the camera at all angles. This truncation of object data leads to the creation of artifacts in the attenuation map during reconstruction which may result in problems in the attenuation correction of the emission image. To improve the quality of the attenuation map, we have used information taken from the scatter window reconstruction of projections from a parallel hole collimator on one of the heads of the SPECT system to create a segmentation based attenuation map of the object. We use this map as a pixel by pixel gamma prior to aid in the iterative reconstruction of the final attenuation map. In the fully sampled central region, the use of the segmentation map is unnecessary; but in the poorly sampled outer region, the use of the segmentation map is essential to obtain an accurate reconstruction. We use a spatially varying weight function for the gamma prior to reflect our confidence in the transmission data in the central region while emphasizing the prior in the outer region. The result is a high quality density map over both the fully sampled and poorly sampled regions. Furthermore, since the line integrals for the transmission data are preserved in the iterative reconstruction, the algorithm does not require precise determinations of the attenuation coefficients in the segmentation maps to create an accurate attenuation map

Published in:

Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, 1994., 1994 IEEE Conference Record  (Volume:4 )

Date of Conference:

30 Oct-5 Nov 1994