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In order to guarantee the safety of coal face production, it is necessary to monitor and surveillance face Shearer, scraper transport planes, hydraulic support, transport machines, broken machines etc . At present, it is difficult for the cable transmission mode to adapt to changes in the work site of the coal face. Transmission lines are often damaged and snapped for various factors, we use wireless sensor network (WSN), which is flexible to be placed and extensible, to resolve this problem. This paper discuss the design of the WSN transceiver for coal face with UWB technology. This kind of transceiver has some useful advantage such as low cost, low power consumption, simple structure, easy to implement the design of the hardware, no need to estimate the coal face channel characteristics. However, detection efficiency is slightly lower, but the error rate can meet the requirement.