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The seismic P phase first arrival identification is a fundamental problem in seismology. The accurate identification of the P -wave first arrival is not a trivial process, particularly when the seismograms present a very low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) or are contaminated with artificial transients that could produce false alarms. In this paper, a new approach based on higher order statistics and the stationary wavelet transform is presented. The P onset is obtained under a statistical criterion applied in the time-frequency domain. The results have been compared to those estimated by another P phase picking algorithm and P onsets picked by expert analysts. The comparison shows that our proposed method efficiently provides a good estimate of the P onset picks that are consistent with analyst picks, particularly in cases of very low SNR.
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:46 , Issue: 11 )
Date of Publication: Nov. 2008