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New metal-semiconductor-metal hydrogen sensors are fabricated to take advantages of symmetrically bidirectional detection. Unlike commonly used single catalytic metal layers, a mixture of Pd and SiO2 inserted between Pd and GaN was employed as sensing media. There are three sensing regions (i.e., 2-D dipole, transient, and 3-D dipole regions) observed in static response. Room-temperature sensitivity larger than 107 was obtained in 1080-ppm H2/N2 ambient. The barrier-height variation is as high as 422 mV. To our best knowledge, these are the highest values ever reported. According to transient response, a short response time of 70 s is obtained at room temperature. Thus, a newly developed concept of forming 3-D dipoles is introduced to possibly explain experimental results.
Date of Publication: Dec. 2008