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On the Thermal Elevation of a 60-Electrode Epiretinal Prosthesis for the Blind

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10 Author(s)
Singh, V. ; Electr. & Comput. Eng. Dept., North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC ; Roy, A. ; Castro, R. ; McClure, K.
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In this paper, the thermal elevation in the human body due to the operation of a dual-unit epiretinal prosthesis to restore partial vision to the blind affected by irreversible retinal degeneration is presented. An accurate computational model of a 60-electrode device dissipating 97 mW power, currently under clinical trials is developed and positioned in a 0.25 mm resolution, heterogeneous model of the human head to resemble actual conditions of operation of the prosthesis. A novel simple finite difference scheme combining the explicit and the alternating-direction implicit (ADI) method has been developed and validated with existing methods. Simulation speed improvement up to 11 times was obtained for the the head model considered in this work with very good accuracy. Using this method, solutions of the bioheat equation were obtained for different placements of the implant. Comparison with in-vivo experimental measurements showed good agreement.

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Biomedical Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:2 ,  Issue: 4 )