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A Simulator for Self-Adaptive Energy Demand Management

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4 Author(s)
Ying Guo ; Inf. & Commun. Technol. Centre, CSIRO, North Ryde, NSW ; Rongxin Li ; Geoff Poulton ; Astrid Zeman

A Demand-Side Program Simulation Tool is designed to predict the response from different deployment strategies of distributed domestic energy management. To date, there are several case studies of demand management and control projects from around the world. To achieve results with sufficient generality, case studies need to be conducted over long periods, with a reasonable number of diverse households. Such case studies require large capital to set up hardware and software.To bypass these financial and temporal investments, we have designed a simulator for energy suppliers to use in order to learn the likely performance of large-scale deployments. Of main interest is the prediction of not only the level and firmness of demand response in critical peak pricing trials, but also the householdpsilas comfortable level and satisfaction level. As an example of the power of the simulator we have used it to develop and test a new self-adaptive methodology to intelligently control the energy demand. The methodology is adaptive to global factors, such as the market energy price, as well as local conditions, such as the satisfaction level of households. This paper outlines self-adaptive methodologies used within the simulator. Experimental results show energy consumption under different control strategies and the improvement of system behavior through adaptive design. With the self-adaptive demand management strategy, the total energy consumed by one million householdspsila controllable loads has reduced dramatically while the satisfaction level of households is well maintained. This is one of the very first simulators that take into account both technical and human behavior aspects.

Published in:

2008 Second IEEE International Conference on Self-Adaptive and Self-Organizing Systems

Date of Conference:

20-24 Oct. 2008