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Study on Spaceborne/Airborne Hybrid Bistatic SAR Image Formation in Frequency Domain

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4 Author(s)
Zhe Liu ; Sch. of Electron. Eng., Univ. of Electron. Sci. & Technol, Chengdu ; Jianyu Yang ; Xiaoling Zhang ; Yiming Pi

To better understand the fundamental of the spaceborne/airborne hybrid bistatic SAR (SA-BSAR) image formation, the range cell migration (RCM) of the SA-BSAR is studied in the range-Doppler domain, where the RCM in SA-BSAR can be explicitly expressed in close form. Through the analysis of RCM relationship with target's azimuth and range position, we can find that, because of the system platforms' velocity difference along the azimuth direction, the RCM in SA-BSAR is 2D space variant. Therefore, the fundamental of frequency-domain image formation in SA-BSAR is to process the 2D space-variant RCM correction (RCMC) for nonreferent targets besides the bulk RCMC operation in the frequency domain. Furthermore, appropriate solutions in the frequency domain to remove the RCM in SA-BSAR are proposed and verified with five-point-target simulation.

Published in:

Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, IEEE  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 4 )