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Rapid growth of the computer industry is one of the most striking events in the "miraculous" industrial explosion of postwar Japan. At the time the ENIAC was completed at the Moore School of Electrical Engineering, we were on the verge of starvation in the ruin of our defeated country. When we learned of the astonishing power of the "giant brain," it seemed indeed to be something belonging to another world. We were starved for knowledge as well as for food, and some of us who were optimistic enough were inspired by this fascinating new technology. We decided to make our own computers, and the study of "mechanical brains" got under way in Japan.